A good starting point for finding a moisturiser is determining your skin type - normal, dry, oily or sensitive. It is important to note that skin types can change throughout the year depending on your lifestyle, age or the season so make sure that you keep monitoring the condition of your skin throughout the year.
The texture of the right moisturiser for you will be related to your skin type. Dry skin (or skin in the wintertime) may need a heavier and creamier formula, while oily skin (or skin in the summertime) might need a light lotion moisturiser that won’t block pores.
If you have oily skin or skin that is prone to breakouts, opt for a lightweight non-greasy moisturiser with a lotion or gel texture as creams can clog pores. The formula should condition your skin while helping to balance hydration and oil levels. Look for ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, Vitamin C, lemongrass and willow bark extract.
Suffering from parched skin? Look for moisturising and plumping ingredients such as glycerin, hyaluronic acid, shea butter, grapeseed oil, olive oil or sunflower oil, and antioxidants like green tea extract, grape extract, Vitamin C, Vitamin E.
The challenge for combination skin is to treat the differing needs of different areas of your face. Those with combination skin need to moisturise without clogging pores and to provide the skin with balance. One option is to use different moisturisers on different areas of the face. Alternatively, you should look for a lightweight but hydrating moisturiser that can help to regulate oil production.
Sensitive skin needs a moisturiser that is gentle and can help to settle and strengthen fragile skin. Look for ingredients that soothe and calm skin such as lavender, almond oil, Vitamin E or green tea.
If you’re lucky enough to be blessed with “normal” skin, you have more options when it comes to moisturisers; although normal skin can always benefit from a moisturiser that helps to maintain balance and hydration whilst providing skin with a boost of energy. It can also be a good idea to switch from a lightweight moisturiser in summer to a thicker cream in the winter.
Those with normal skin should look for a water-based moisturiser which contains humectants (ingredients that hydrate by attracting moisture from the environment and lower layers of your skin) such as glycerin and hyaluronic acid. Also, look for occlusives such as shea butter and lanolin which will create a protective seal to keep in all the moisture.
To achieve a more youthful appearance, look for Vitamins A, C and E. These are powerful antioxidants that help to protect skin against damage from ageing free radicals whilst increasing cell regeneration and promoting the production of collagen. Vitamin E also helps to soften skin and maintain its oil balance without leaving an oily residue.